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Rachel's son and heir was Wriothesley Russell, 2nd Duke of Bedford (1680–1711). [72] The first theatre, known as "Theatre Royal, Bridges Street", saw performances by Nell Gwyn and Charles Hart. [62] The Earl of Bedford acquired a private charter from Charles II in 1670 for a fruit and vegetable market, permitting him and his heirs to hold a market every day except Sundays and Christmas Day. It is served by Piccadilly line trains, which link the area directly to important Central London destinations including King's Cross St Pancras, South Kensington, and Heathrow Airport (). The Russell family, who in 1694 were advanced in the peerage from Earl to Duke of Bedford, held the land until 1918. The infamous Covent Garden is definitely a must visit place in London. It has several rehearsal rooms with full-size stages, a large costume department and restaurants. [25], Historically, the Bedford Estate defined the boundary of Covent Garden, with Drury Lane to the east, the Strand to the south, St Martin's Lane to the west, and Long Acre to the north. [50] It has been the home of The Royal Opera since 1945, and the Royal Ballet since 1946. After the LGOC was taken over by the London Electric Railway (LER), the collection was expanded to include rail vehicles. The following year the market moved to a new site in Nine Elms, between Battersea and Vauxhall in south-west London. [98] The first mention of a pub on the site is 1772 (when it was called the Cooper's Arms – the name changing to Lamb & Flag in 1833); the 1958 brick exterior conceals what may be an early 18th-century frame of a house replacing the original one built in 1638. In 1552 King Edward VI granted it to John Russell, 1st Earl of Bedford,[12] his late father's trusted adviser. It continued to expand after the LER became part of the London Passenger Transport Board in the 1930s and as the organisation passed through various successor bodies up to TfL, London's transport authority since 2000. They were from 1855 to 1900 part of the St Giles District and from 1900 part of the Metropolitan Borough of Holborn. Freemasons' Hall is the headquarters of the United Grand Lodge of England and the Supreme Grand Chapter of Royal Arch Masons of England, as well as a meeting place for many Masonic Lodges in the London area. This new company sold some properties at Covent Garden, while becoming active in property investment in other parts of London. [19], The houses initially attracted the wealthy, though they moved out when a market developed on the south side of the square around 1654, and coffee houses, taverns, and prostitutes moved in. [45], The market halls and several other buildings in Covent Garden were bought by CapCo in partnership with GE Real Estate in August 2006 for £421 million, on a 150-year head lease. Show Prices. A later document, dated between 1250 and 1283, refers to "the garden of the Abbot and Convent of Westminster". The Royal Opera House, Covent Garden, is the main theatre for ballet and opera in London. [46], The Royal Opera House, known as "Covent Garden",[2] was constructed as the "Theatre Royal" in 1732 to a design by Edward Shepherd. [39] For local council elections it falls within the St James's ward for Westminster,[40] and the Holborn and Covent Garden ward for Camden. [12] By the 13th century this had become a 40-acre (16 ha) quadrangle of mixed orchard, meadow, pasture and arable land, lying between modern-day St Martin's Lane and Drury Lane, and Floral Street and Maiden Lane. [13] The use of the name "Covent"—an Anglo-French term for a religious community, equivalent to "monastery" or "convent"[14]—appears in a document in 1515, when the Abbey, which had been letting out parcels of land along the north side of the Strand for inns and market gardens, granted a lease of the walled garden, referring to it as "a garden called Covent Garden". [134], Thomas Wriothesley, 4th Earl of Southampton, Supreme Grand Chapter of Royal Arch Masons of England, National Inventory of Historic Pub Interiors, Society for the Preservation of Beers from the Wood, "Excavations at 15–16 Bedford Street, Covent Garden, London", "King Alfred's London and London's King Alfred", "Plan of Bedford House, Covent Garden, &c. Taken About 1690", "The A to Z of Covent Garden's prostitutes", "Draft Supplementary Planning Guidance for Entertainment Uses", "Membership of The Covent Garden Community Association", "The Commissions for building fifty new churches: The minute books, 1711–27, a calendar", "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007", "Apple chooses London to open its biggest store in the world", "Capital & Counties JV wins Covent Garden", "Proposed Development at Bedford Chambers and No. The building that stands today opened in 1812. [46] The buildings are let to the Covent Garden Area Trust, who pay an annual peppercorn rent of one red apple and a posy of flowers for each head lease, and the Trust protects the property from being redeveloped. [80], St Paul's, commonly known as the Actors' Church,[81] was built in 1633, at a cost of £4,000, though was not consecrated until 1638. [47] In March 2007 CapCo also acquired the shops located under the Royal Opera House. … After it was destroyed by fire in 1672, English dramatist and theatre manager Thomas Killigrew constructed a larger theatre on the same spot, which opened in 1674. The Covent Garden estate was originally under the control of Westminster Abbey and lay in the parish of St Margaret. Séptima de Hernández y Hernández 266 (2,176.51 mi) Coatepec, Veracruz-Llave, Mexico 91500 . [73][74][75] Killigrew's theatre lasted nearly 120 years, under leadership including Colley Cibber, David Garrick, and Richard Brinsley Sheridan. The Covent Garden area has long been associated with entertainment and shopping. After consulting with residents and local businesses, Westminster Council drew up an action plan to improve the area while retaining its historic character in 2004. It was eventually purchased by the landlady Binnie Walsh around 2010 then subsequently sold by her to Fuller's Brewery in 2014. Get Directions +52 228 824 7537. [5] By the 18th century it had become notorious for its abundance of brothels. [52] In 1779 the pavement outside the playhouse was the scene of the murder of Martha Ray, mistress of the Earl of Sandwich, by her admirer the Rev. translation and definition "Covent Garden", English-Norwegian Dictionary online. [79] The Covent Garden building has on display many examples of buses, trams, trolleybuses and rail vehicles from the 19th and 20th centuries as well as artefacts and exhibits related to the operation and marketing of passenger services and the impact that the developing transport network has had on the city and its population. Discover how to keep Covent Garden close to home. [129], Covent Garden tube station is situated on the corner of Long Acre and James Street. [61], The first record of a "new market in Covent Garden" is in 1654 when market traders set up stalls against the garden wall of Bedford House. From shops, bars, restaurants and cafés there's quite a bit happening here. Many of his operas and oratorioswere specifically written fo… [20], By the 18th century, Covent Garden had become a well-known red-light district, attracting notable prostitutes such as Betty Careless and Jane Douglas. Weinreb, Ben; Hibbert, Christopher (2008). [76] It has been home to actors as diverse as Shakespearean actor Edmund Kean, child actress Clara Fisher, comedian Dan Leno, the comedy troupe Monty Python (who recorded a concert album there), and musical composer and performer Ivor Novello. [21] Descriptions of the prostitutes and where to find them were provided by Harris's List of Covent Garden Ladies, the "essential guide and accessory for any serious gentleman of pleasure". [90] Impromptu performances of song and swimming were given by local celebrity William Cussans in the eighteenth century. Our Story. These arcades, rather than the square itself, took the name Piazza;[1] the group from James Street to Russell Street became known as the "Great Piazza" and that to the south of Russell Street as the "Little Piazza". [6], Other nearby tube stations include Charing Cross, Embankment, and Holborn. During the late 1970s and 1980s the Rock Garden music venue was popular with up and coming punk rock and new wave artists. The route runs northbound towards the Bloomsbury, and southbound to the Strand and Waterloo Bridge, via Bow Street. 337 people follow this. Facebook gives people the power … The area has been served by the Piccadilly line at Covent Garden tube station since 1907; the 300 yard journey from Leicester Square tube station is the shortest in London. #3 Best Value of 51 places to stay in Covent Garden (London). [1] It is associated with the former fruit-and-vegetable market in the central square, now a popular shopping and tourist site, and with the Royal Opera House, itself known as "Covent Garden". [60] None of Inigo Jones's houses remain, though part of the north group was reconstructed in 1877–79 as Bedford Chambers by William Cubitt to a design by Henry Clutton. Covent Garden. [62] Further buildings were added—the Floral hall, Charter Market, and in 1904 the Jubilee Market for foreign flowers was built by Cubitt and Howard.

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