J.-C., il est gouverneur en Asie et devient très riche(?) From the beginning, he probably privately aimed at winning office, not just for the sake of the honours but in order to achieve the power to put the misgoverned Roman state and Greco-Roman world into better order in accordance with ideas of his own. Seine Mutter sorgte für eine gute klassische Bildung, wie sie in adligen Kreisen üblich war. In his absence from Rome, Caesar was made a member of the politico-ecclesiastical college of pontifices; and on his return he gained one of the elective military tribuneships. J.-C.. Partisan de Marius, qui est marié avec sa sœur Julia. In the same year his wife, Cornelia, and his aunt Julia, Marius’s widow, died. Gaius Julius Caesar, better known as Caligula, is an essential character of Dracula Untold.He is the first vampire to be recorded in history, perhaps the progenitor of the vampire race. The first triumvirate and the conquest of Gaul, Antecedents and outcome of the civil war of 49–45, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Julius-Caesar-Roman-ruler, Old and Sold - Biography of Julius Caesar, Public Broadcasting Service - Biography of Julius Caeser, Social Studies for Kids - Biography of Julius Caesar, Spartacus Educational - Biography of Julius Caesar, Heritage History - Julius Caesar - Ada Russell, The History Learning Site - Biography of Julius Caesar, History World - Biography of Julius Caesar, Julius Caesar - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Julius Caesar - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Premium Membership is now 50% off! Caesar now worked to undo the Sullan constitution in cooperation with Pompey (Gnaeus Pompeius), who had started his career as a lieutenant of Sulla but had changed sides since Sulla’s death. Julius Caesar was a political and military genius who overthrew Rome’s decaying political order and replaced it with a dictatorship. Recht fr… In the uproar in the Senate, Caesar’s motion was defeated. Caesar banned driving carriages on city streets during the first ten hours of daylight. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. bce , Rome [Italy]—died March 15, 44 bce , Rome), celebrated Roman general and statesman, the conqueror of Gaul (58–50 bce ), victor in the civil war of 49–45 bce , and dictator (46–44 bce ), who was launching a series of political and social reforms when he was assassinated by a group of nobles in the Senate House on the Ides of March. The old Roman calendar was inaccurate and manipulated for political purposes. Though some of the most powerful noble families were patrician, patrician blood was no longer a political advantage; it was actually a handicap, since a patrician was debarred from holding the paraconstitutional but powerful office of tribune of the plebs. Toward the end of the year of his praetorship, a scandal was caused by Publius Clodius in Caesar’s house at the celebration there of the rites, for women only, of Bona Dea (a Roman deity of fruitfulness, both in the Earth and in women). Learn how Julius Caesar and the Roman army created an empire. . J.-C. ou 98 av. Gaius Iulius Caesar (pôvodná výslovnosť [gáius július kajsar], neskoršia a slovenská výslovnosť [gaius július cézar]; iné, menej správne písania: Gaius Julius Caesar, Caius/Gajus/Cajus Iulius/Julius Caesar; skrátene C. Iulius Caesar (C ako Caius); po slovensky aj (Gaius) Július Cézar; * 13. ", "Julius Caesar's Late Onset Epilepsy: A Case of Historic Proportions", Dickinson College Commentaries: Selections from the, Forum Romanum Index to Caesar's works online, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Julius_Caesar&oldid=990261778, Characters in works by Geoffrey of Monmouth, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Pages using infobox military person with embed, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2020, Articles with failed verification from February 2017, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 23 November 2020, at 18:36. J.-C. Il fut questeur en 99 av. The assassination plot was led by Gaius Cassius Longinus and Marcus Junius Brutus. It was evident that the misgovernment of the Roman state and the Greco-Roman world by the Roman nobility could not continue indefinitely and it was fairly clear that the most probable alternative was some form of military dictatorship backed by dispossessed Italian peasants who had turned to long-term military service. Gaius Julius Caesar was born 12 July 100 BCE (though some cite 102 as his birth year). Caesar then went to Rhodes to study oratory under a famous professor, Molon. A co-conspirator, Decmius Brutus, was Caesar's second heir in his will. He was elected pontifex maximus in 63 bce by a political dodge. Caesar was elected a praetor for 62 bce. He found it advisable to remove himself from Italy and to do military service, first in the province of Asia and then in Cilicia. Über CAESARS Kindheit und Jugend ist wenig überliefert, meist sind es in ihrer Historizität umstrittene Anekdoten. En route he was captured by pirates (one of the symptoms of the anarchy into which the Roman nobility had allowed the Mediterranean world to fall). He played a critical role in the events that led to the demise of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire. 'Μιαρώτατε Κάσκα, τί ποιεῖς; Ronald T. Ridley, "The Dictator's Mistake: Caesar's Escape from Sulla,", constitutional government of the Republic, frequently appeared in literary and artistic works, conspiracy to seize control of the republic, [ɪmpɛˈraːtɔr ˈɡaːi.ʊs ˈiuːli.ʊs ˈɡaːi.iː ˈfiːli.ʊs ˈɡaːi.iː ˈnɛpoːs ˈkae̯sar ˈpa.trɪs ˈpa.tri.ae̯], "Julius Caesar: The first triumvirate and the conquest of Gaul", "Lives of the Noble Grecians and Romans, by Plutarch (chapter48)", "Suetonius, 'Life of the Caesars, Julius', trans. L'assassinat de Jules César est le résultat d'un complot de sénateurs romains qui se surnommaient entre eux les Liberatores et dont les chefs les plus renommés furent Marcus Junius Brutus et Caius Cassius Longinus.L'événement eut lieu à la curie de Pompée attenante au théâtre de Pompée durant les ides de mars (le 15 mars) de l'an 44 av. A Roman noble won distinction for himself and his family by securing election to a series of public offices, which culminated in the consulship, with the censorship possibly to follow. Caesar raised his ransom, raised a naval force, captured his captors, and had them crucified—all this as a private individual holding no public office. By Caesar’s time, the number of surviving patrician gentes was small; and in the gens Julia the Caesares seem to have been the only surviving family. When equipped to Gaius Julius Caesar only, Increase Quick Card effectiveness of all allies by 15% while on the field. Contemporary Romans, however, would have known it as the Year of the Consulship of Lucius Valerius Flaccus and Gaius Marius (Caesar's uncle). As a priest not only had to be of patrician stock, but married to a patrician, Caesar broke off his engagement to a plebian girl and married the patrician, Cornelia, daughter of a high profile and influential … Black Friday Sale! Gaius Julius Caesar was a Roman general and statesman who played a critical role in the events that led to the demise of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire. In 83 bce Lucius Cornelius Sulla returned to Italy from the East and led the successful counter-revolution of 83–82 bce; Sulla then ordered Caesar to divorce Cornelia. In den vergangenen blutigen Bürgerkriegen standen sich die Popularen unter Führung des MARIUS und die Optimaten unter SULLA politisch gegenüber. Director of Studies, Royal Institute of International Affairs, London, 1925–55. Julius Caesar, in full Gaius Julius Caesar, (born July 12/13, 100? In 74 bce, when Mithradates VI Eupator, king of Pontus, renewed war on the Romans, Caesar raised a private army to combat him.
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