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wo liegt venezuela

Chávez was re-elected in December 2006 but suffered a significant defeat in 2007 with the narrow rejection of the 2007 Venezuelan constitutional referendum, which had offered two packages of constitutional reforms aimed at deepening the Bolivarian Revolution. [61] The military dictator Pérez Jiménez was forced out on 23 January 1958. The town of Caracas, founded in the central coastal region in 1567, was well-placed to become a key location, being near the coastal port of La Guaira whilst itself being located in a valley in a mountain range, providing defensive strength against pirates and a more fertile and healthy climate. Sa superficie est de 916 445 km2. Y encima de ella está un lugar d'casas de indios que se llama Veneçiuela. Land controlled by Venezuela shown in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled land shown in light green. It was Founded by Lucas Fernandez Peña in 1923. According to Chávez and other supporters, the "Bolivarian Revolution" seeks to build a mass movement to implement Bolivarianism—popular democracy, economic independence, equitable distribution of revenues, and an end to political corruption—in Venezuela. The Bolivarian National Armed Forces of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (Fuerza Armada Nacional Bolivariana, FANB) are the overall unified military forces of Venezuela. [267][268] Venezuela's outlook was deemed negative by most bond-rating services in 2017. Shortages in Venezuela have been prevalent following the enactment of price controls and other policies during the economic policy of the Hugo Chávez government. Avec l’effondrement des cours du pétrole la pauvreté augmente[57]. Venezuela is a charter member of the UN, OAS, UNASUR, ALBA, Mercosur, LAIA and OEI. La langue nationale du Venezuela est l'espagnol et sa capitale et principale métropole est Caracas. [178] Three seats are reserved for representatives of Venezuela's indigenous peoples. Private sector still dominates Venezuelan economy despite Chavez crusade", "Venezuela: Gold Returns to the Country, The Euphoria in the Streets", "Venezuela Ogles Chavez's Hidden Billions as Reserves Sink", "Resultados del Índice Nacional de Precios Al Consumidor, Producto Interno Bruto y Balanza de Pagos Cuarto Trimestre De 2015", "UPDATE 1-Venezuela 2016 inflation hits 800 pct, GDP contracts nearly 19 pct", Venezuelan Government Meets with Private Industries to Combat Food Shortages. A second Venezuelan republic was proclaimed on 7 August 1813, but lasted only a few months before being crushed at the hands of royalist caudillo José Tomás Boves and his personal army of llaneros. Globally, it seeks a "multi-polar" world based on strengthened ties among undeveloped countries. Ricacciatu da "https://co.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Venezuela&oldid=334979". East of it are lowlands abutting Lake Maracaibo and the Gulf of Venezuela. It is ranked 151 out of 156 countries in the index of Geopolitical Gains and Losses after energy transition (GeGaLo).[212]. [1], Among indigenous people, 58% were Wayúu, 7% Warao, 5% Kariña, 4% Pemón, 3% Piaroa, 3% Jivi, 3% Añu, 3% Cumanágoto, 2% Yukpa, 2% Chaima and 1% Yanomami; the remaining 9% consisted of other indigenous nations. The Venezuelan government maintains a claim against Guyana to Guayana Esequiba. [55] Much of Venezuela's 19th-century history was characterized by political turmoil and dictatorial rule, including the Independence leader José Antonio Páez, who gained the presidency three times and served a total of 11 years between 1830 and 1863. À sa mort, Nicolas Maduro devient président par intérim puis remporte une nouvelle élection présidentielle avec 50,62 % des voix, élection contestée par le leader d’opposition Henrique Capriles, malgré la présence d'observateurs internationaux. RSF pointe l'adoption de nouvelles lois en 2004 et 2005 contre différents types d'« offenses », notamment à la personne du président, et contre les appels à la violence, les jugeant « très restrictive[s] en matière de liberté d’expression » et affirmant qu'elles créent « un climat d’autocensure au sein des médias »[82]. The fallout of the 2008 global financial crisis saw a renewed economic downturn. Le 5 juillet 1811, le Venezuela se déclare indépendant et cela déclenche la réaction de la couronne espagnole. Ces événements majeurs bouleversent l'activité économique du pays. Es ist auf 912050 km² Fläche mit einer Bevölkerung von etwa 27.2 Millionen positioniert. Son économie est essentiellement tournée autour du pétrole et du gaz naturel, secteur qui représente 95 % des exportations et 25 % du PIB[43]. Esta en X grados. The highest judicial body is the Supreme Tribunal of Justice or Tribunal Supremo de Justicia, whose magistrates are elected by parliament for a single two-year term. On 26 April 2017, Venezuela announced its intention to withdraw from the OAS. [320] Between 500,000 and one million illegal immigrants are estimated to be living in the country.[321]. [114][115] Venezuela's economy had become strongly dependent on the exportation of oil with crude accounting for 86% of exports,[116] and a high price per barrel to support social programs. In Venezuela, a person is murdered every 21 minutes. In a study titled "Venezolana Community Abroad: A New Method of Exile" by Thomas Páez, Mercedes Vivas, and Juan Rafael Pulido of the Central University of Venezuela, over 1.35 million Venezuelan college graduates have left the country since the beginning of the Bolivarian Revolution. [66] In an effort to consolidate a young democracy, the three major political parties (Acción Democrática (AD), COPEI and Unión Republicana Democrática (URD), with the notable exception of the Communist Party of Venezuela) signed the Puntofijo Pact power-sharing agreement. [52] New Granada's congress gave Bolívar control of the Granadian army; leading it, he liberated several countries and founded Gran Colombia. [48] This began the Venezuelan War of Independence. Lui et d'autres caudillos militaires réalisent la conquête du pouvoir au cours des années qui suivent. All male citizens of Venezuela have a constitutional duty to register for the military service at the age of 18, which is the age of majority in Venezuela. Ces chiffres très élevés sont néanmoins contestés par l'organisation non gouvernementale Observatoire vénézuélien de la violence qui donne une estimation encore plus haute pour 2012 de 21 692 meurtres commis, soit un taux de 73 homicides pour 100 000 habitants[75]. Venezuela is connected to the world primarily via air (Venezuela's airports include the Simón Bolívar International Airport in Maiquetía, near Caracas and La Chinita International Airport near Maracaibo) and sea (with major sea ports at La Guaira, Maracaibo and Puerto Cabello). Acculturation and assimilation, typical of a cultural syncretism, led to the Venezuelan culture of the present day, which is similar in many ways to the culture of the rest of Latin America, but still has its own unique characteristics. Venezuela is entirely located in the tropics over the Equator to around 12° N. Its climate varies from humid low-elevation plains, where average annual temperatures range as high as 35 °C (95.0 °F), to glaciers and highlands (the páramos) with an average yearly temperature of 8 °C (46.4 °F). En 2008, la monnaie locale est renommée bolivar fuerte (VEF) au taux de 1 bolivar fuerte pour 1 000 anciens bolivars. Most indigenous peoples are concentrated in eight states along Venezuela's borders with Brazil, Guyana, and Colombia, and the majority groups are the Wayuu (west), the Warao (east), the Yanomami (south), and the Pemon (southeast).

Corona Bier Angebot, Cover Me In Daisies Meaning, Henning Wehland Lieblingskneipe, Oh Tannenbaum Noten Buchstaben, Neues Lied Bonez Mc, Flying Dutchman - Pirates Of The Caribbean, Kling Glöckchen Noten Klavier, Nessie - Das Geheimnis Von Loch Ness Stream, Carl Spitzweg - Der Arme Poet, Präsidenten Usa 1848,

 

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